Backed by the ‘China Plus One’ sentiment globally, India’s textile exports are expected to grow by 81% to US$ 65 billion by 2026 from the pre-Covid level of around US$ 36 billion in 2019, said a report by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and global consulting firm Kearney. This jump is likely to generate 7.5-10 million new jobs.
A large chunk of this targeted increase, or around US$ 16 billion may come from the China Plus One sentiment due to India’s relatively large strategic depth compared with Vietnam or Bangladesh, the report said. “We believe with the right actions from the industry majors and robust execution of government schemes, India can hit US$ 65 billion in exports (implying 9-10% compound annual growth rate) by 2026. This, coupled with growth in domestic consumption, could propel domestic production to reach US$ 160 billion,” said Siddharth Jain, Partner, Kearney.
Other key areas where the growth is expected include fabrics where the target is a US$ 4 billion jump by positioning India as a regional fabric hub, starting with cotton wovens and then extending to other sub-categories. In home textiles too, the target is an increase of US$ 4 billion by building on existing advantages to expand the global customer base.
On man-made fibre and yarn a US$ 2.5-3 billion jump is expected with a focus on gaining share in MMF products. On the other hand, in technical textiles around US$ 2 billion jump is targeted by building capabilities in select key sub-segments on the back of potential domestic demand growth.
“Covid-19 has triggered the redistribution of global trade shares and a recalibration of sourcing patterns, providing a golden opportunity for Indian textiles to stage a turnaround and regain a leadership position as a top exporting economy. We believe India’s textile industry should target 8-9% CAGR during 2019–2026, driven by domestic demand growth and significant growth in annual exports (reaching US$ 65 billion by 2026)” says Neelesh Hundekari, Partner and APAC Head of Lifestyle Practice at Kearney.
The textile industry employs almost 45 million people in the farming and manufacturing sectors. However, the country’s recent performance in global trade has not been commensurate with its abilities. Exports declined by 3% during 2015–2019 and by 18.7% in 2020. And yet during the same period, other low-cost countries such as Bangladesh and Vietnam have gained share.
A variety of factors have contributed to India’s recent trade performance. India has factor cost disadvantages (example, power costs 30-40% more in India than it does in Bangladesh). Lack of free or preferential trade agreements with key importers, such as the European Union, United Kingdom, and Canada for apparel as well as Bangladesh for fabrics, puts pricing pressure on exporters. The high cost of capital and high reliance on imports for almost all textile machinery makes it difficult to earn the right return on invested capital, especially given India’s slight cost disadvantage. Longer lead times than for Chinese manufacturers make India uncompetitive, especially in the fashion segment.