CMAI Recommends Flat 5% GST Across Value Chain


The GST Council, with a view to address the issue of inverted duty structure in the textile industry, has decided to change the GST rates applicable on fabrics and garments with effect from 1st January. Although no formal communication has been received, reports indicate that the current applicable rate of 5% on all fabrics and garments upto the price of Rs 1000 will be increased to 12%.

The Clothing Manufacturers Association of India (CMAI) has expressed its deep sense of disappointment and anguish at this recent development. CMAI, in a statement said, “It is indeed surprising that merely to correct a minor technical anomaly in a small portion of the entire system, the government is considering increasing the prices of nearly 85% of the final products for the consumers.”

CMAI has urged the government and the GST Council to consider these crucial points:

  1. The domestic garment industry is still operating at 60-65% of the pre-covid levels. Retail which is the lifeline of apparel manufacturing, was one of the first sectors to shut down and one of the last to reopen. Most indicators point to end 2022 as the earliest that the industry can hope to achieve its pre-Covid levels. Is this, or even January 2022, the right time to increase taxes?
  2. The massive price increase of raw materials such as yarn, fabric, fuel, packaging materials, transportation, etc has already resulted in a 15-20% price rise in the final price of the product. The consumer is already reeling with job losses, wage cuts and social and personal traumas. Is this the time to add another 7% tax to the price of an essential item of consumption such as garments?
  3. Almost 15-20% of the country’s garment units have either shut down or scaled down operations due to the impact of Covid-19. The garment industry is the highest employer in the country after agriculture. It is estimated that the industry is seeing a drop of not less than 20% employment in the sector. Is it worthwhile to raise the level of unemployment in the sector even higher?
  4. Admittedly, there exists the problem of inverted duty structure in a small segment of the total textile value chain – not exceeding 15% of the total industry. What is being done will impact 85% of the industry to ease the problem faced by 15% of the industry. Will the remedy be worse than the disease?
  5. The government has come out with excellent schemes such as PLI and Mega Parks, primarily with a view to promote exports of MMF based products. The industry, including CMAI has wholeheartedly welcomed these schemes. This move will hurt the cotton sector far more than promote the MMF sector.
  6. Indian garment industry is still largely a cotton based industry. Cotton garments, including traditional wear categories such as dhoties, sarees, etc form the bulk of clothing used by the poorer sections of the society. Should this section of population be hit by another price increase?
  7. In any country where there are differential rates of GST, essential commodities, especially those consumed by the poorer sections of society, would be levied at the lowest slab. We will be removing an essential commodity item, used by the common man, from the lowest slab to a higher slab.
  8. As is well known, the excellent support provided by the government to the MSMEs through emergency credit lines from banks is getting over now, and banks have started recalling these loans. In addition to the stress of repayment of these loans, MSMEs will now need additional working capital with the GST refunds now going to 12%. MSMEs will find it impossible to get the additional working capital required.
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“CMAI urges the central and state governments and GST Council to review their decision and find alternate solutions to address the inverted duty structure problem. CMAI has in the past recommended a flat 5% GST across the entire value chain – which will resolve the inverted duty structure, boost consumption and hence production and hence employment, and will cost the government a negligible amount on revenue. In the absence of such a solution, CMAI urges the authorities to maintain the current status quo,” the statement reads.

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