Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI), the principal financial institution engaged in the promotion, financing and development of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), and CRIF High Mark, a leading Indian credit bureau, launched its third edition of Industry Spotlight that analyses the ‘Indian Textile and Apparels’ industry.
According to the report, the total amount of credit availed by the sector as of December 2020 stood at Rs 1.62 lakh crore, which witnessed a Y-o-Y decline of nearly 20%. This is due to the suspension of manufacturing activities in the immediate aftermath of the Covid-19 lockdown in March 2020. The report also states that the number of active loans (volume) in the sector stood at 4.26 lakh, as of December 2020.
The industry observed a quarterly decline in Non-Performing Assets or NPAs (proportion of credit value delinquent by 90+ days) over the last two years, from 29.59% in September 2018 to 15.98% in September 2020. NPAs in December 2020 increased by 0.94% which is nearly 8% lower than NPAs in December 2019.
Export earnings from the sector dropped as of December 2020
Over the years, apparels have contributed to a majority share of exports, followed by home textiles and fabric. However, as per the third edition of the Industry Spotlight, export credit as of December 2020 stands 25% lower Y-o-Y, largely attributable to a decline in exports due to the pandemic.
MSME borrowers have a lion share of the overall credit by volume
With 95% of the overall credit by volume of the sector concentrated in micro, small and medium segment of borrowers, the industry has a presence of close to 5 lakh borrowers as of December 2020. Geographical insights on top textile hubsAt the state level, Maharashtra has the largest share of the credit portfolio at 25% of the credit book to the sector.
The report emphasizes that the top thirteen regions rich in textiles and apparels manufacturing accounted for 80% of the credit portfolio of the sector as of December 2020. Nearly all states have districts manufacturing textiles and apparels, having several credit active units. Some districts such as Mumbai and Surat have more than Rs 10,000 crore credit portfolios as of December 2020.
Around 10,000 textile units in Noida, Kanpur face financial crisis
With both the textile hubs of Kanpur and Noida reporting decline in credit (loan), the textile industry has been the worst hit in Uttar Pradesh, suggests the SIDBI-CRIF report. This is due to the suspension of manufacturing activities after the lockdown in March 2020 imposed to check the spread of pandemic. When the manufacturing activities were to pick up in December-January the deadly second wave dealt a severe blow to the sector.
While the number of active loans (volume), in the sector stood at 4.26 lakh as of December 2020, there has been a decline of 42% in the credit (loan) in Kanpur region which is one of the two hubs of textile industry in Uttar Pradesh. Till December 2020, the credit outstanding portfolio in Kanpur was Rs 1,730 crore. The credit portfolio of textile industry in entire Uttar Pradesh was Rs 4,600 crore till December 2020. At present, there are over 10,000 textile and garment units across the state with most of them concentrated in Kanpur and Noida region. In Noida region of the state there are around 3,000 textile units. Each unit has a minimum workforce of around 100 employees. Almost all of them are facing financial crisis in the post-pandemic scenario.
Lender profiles for the Indian textile and apparel sector
Public sector banks are dominant lenders in providing finance to the sector with a share of 62.61% in volume as of December 2020. The share of private banks, NBFCs and foreign banks were 23.49%, 8.66% and 1.41%, respectively. By value, private banks have the largest share at 40.54% followed by public sector banks with 36.59%, foreign banks comprising of 9.14% and NBFCs with 8.47% as of December 2020.
Sivasubramanian Ramann, Chairman and Managing Director, SIDBI said, “The textiles and apparel industry in India is one of the oldest and largest sectors of the Indian economy and critical to the country’s employment story. The sector is the fifth largest in exports, contributing to 12% of the country’s export earnings and 2% to GDP. India is a world leader in textiles and possesses the entire manufacturing value chain.
The Union Budget 2021-22 has taken into consideration the needs of all sectors of the economy in the quest for the US$ 5 trillion economy and accordingly, in order to enhance India’s textiles competitiveness globally, the scheme for Mega Integrated Textile Regions and Apparel Parks (MITRAs) was announced that will create world class infrastructure with plug n play facilities for the domestic market to showcase steep recovery.”