Applications of the yarns produced in Gama’s three spinning mills range from upholstery, home textiles and socks to cleaning cloths and packaging. But the range also includes special yarns with flame-retardant or anti-bacterial finish and heavy metal-free bleached yarns for the food industry. All three plants are equipped with Truetzschler machines: Automatic bale openers BLENDOMAT and various Generations of cards with integrated draw frames (IDF2) contribute to the particularly good yarn quality.
In conversation with Zafer Kaplan, the owner of Gama Iplik.
Gama Iplik is one of the world’s greatest regenerate spinners. This implies a lot of empirical knowledge. What are the typical raw materials you are using?
The bandwidth of the raw materials that we process ranges from textile production waste like rags, snippets or other textile waste to post-consumer material. Millions of tons of old textiles are collected every year, but qualities vary greatly.
What do you pay attention to when purchasing ‘good’ textile waste?
We prefer, and that is a great challenge, classified material sorted by colour and type of material.
A great environmental problem is ultra-cheap clothes. Did the quality of the raw material change within the last years? And where do you purchase your raw material?
We mostly buy the rags and snippets in Turkey. PET bottles are mostly imported from all over the world. The quality of the snippets is indeed getting worse and worse in the last few years in Turkey. We clearly note more contamination in the production process. The threads of the fancy items in clothing production are of a poor basic quality, unfortunately.
The various basic qualities certainly require a special approach to the processing of the raw materials. How do you sort and cut the textile waste?
There is no way around manual sorting. Our operators are very experienced in evaluating materials. Manual sorting is essential. Also we carry out precutting and shredding processes.
From your point of view: The main challenges of the textile recycling process are….
It’s all about good people and the best machinery. We attach great importance to that constantly growing experience of our team, whether management or operator. Also the capability, technology and quality of the production machines are very significant.
One of the hardest parts of your business is the production of constant quality. How do you manage it?
We have a well-trained laboratory team in our company which guides the operators with constantly acquired knowledge and which controls the whole production process.
What are the benefits of Truetzschler machines for your process and – of course – the yarn quality you achieve?
In our plant we have TC 03, TC 07, TC 11, TC 15, TC 19i, so to say: all types of Truetzschler cards. And we are very satisfied with the quality and the capability of the whole Truetzschler equipment. I would say they are the key machines in the regenerated spinning process.
How do you determine the mix of materials in your end product in view of the European Textile Labeling Act?
Of course we have a chemical laboratory. All necessary tests regarding the material composition are carried out there.
Sustainability is a big future issue for all of us. What challenges and developments do you expect for the future?
The competition is getting harder. There is a great demand for recycled yarn on the market, but what’s missing are enough good raw materials.
For which applications the produced yarn will be used?
We produce yarns for almost all textiles, clothing, upholstery, socks, carpets and much more. Fifty percent of the production remains in Turkey, the other half is exported to 16 different countries, including Germany, Belgium and North America.